Stones and Their Properties


Ancient Scriptures around the world have appraised gems as powerful agents of energy that influence human fate and destiny. These wonderfully potent and mysterious creations of the Mother Earth are said to induce good energy and expel the negative energy that can cause sickness and suffering. Gems are reputed to bring peace, prosperity and happiness, and offer protection and healing. They are uplifting and life enhancing.


Agate- A variety of chalcedony. Tones and strengthens body and mind. Imparts a sense of courage and strength. Helps one to discern truth and accept circumstances. Grounding and energizing. Powerful healer. Works with chakras according to the color of the stone.

 Abalone- A type of Sea Mollusk with an oval shaped shell. The Mother of Pearl (the material secreted in the making of a pearl) is the most beautiful and iridescent in this type of Mollusk. The shell itself becomes coated with Mother of Pearl substance.

 Amber- Fossilized resin from prehistoric pine trees. Great healing and soothing properties. Positive influences on heart, spleen and endocrine system. Has been used as a renewal of marriage vows and to assure promises. Stimulates the intellect and crown chakra.

 Amethyst- A variety of quartz. Strengthens endocrine and immune systems. Enhances right brain activity and pineal and pituitary glands. Purification and regeneration. Transmutes one’s lower nature into higher potentials. Alchemy and transformation. Cuts through illusion. Known to help one overcome addictions. Enhances psychic abilities. Good for mediation. Calming, strong protective qualities. Healing divine love, inspiration, and intuition. Strengthens 3rd eye and Crown chakras.

 Aventurine- A variety of quartz. Purifies mental, emotional and etheric bodies. Aids in releasing anxiety and fear. Stimulates muscle tissue. Strengthens blood. Emotional tranquility. Enhances a positive attitude toward life. Brings one in alignment with their center. Health, well-being. Heart chakra. It is also said to bring confidence and prosperity. Known as the "gambler's stone", Green Aventurine is like the good luck shamrock of the mineral kingdom.

 Carnelian- A variety of chalcedony. A highly evolved mineral healer. Energizes blood. Aids kidneys, lungs, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Aids tissue regeneration. Vitalizing. Enhances attunement with inner self. Facilitates concentration. Opens the heart. Warming, social, joyous. 2nd, 3rd, and 4th chakras.

 Calcite- Is an energy amplifier. It helps the mind to remember information and the body to remember the state of perfection in the face of disease. Placing the appropriate color of Calcite over the matching chakra center can not only clear that center but can initiate a clearing of all centers. Calcite is a world teacher for all of humanity, facilitating awareness and appreciation of the creative forces of nature. This is an excellent stone when studying the arts and sciences.

 Chalcedony- pronounced "CAL-SIDNEY", is member of the quartz family. Balances energy of body, mind, spirit, and emotions. Symbolizes benevolence and good will. Minimizes hostilities, irritability and melancholy. Improves generosity, responsiveness and receptivity. Increases mental stability.

 Citrine- A variety of quartz. Good for kidneys, colon, liver, gallbladder, and digestive organs. Detoxifies. Enhances healing energies. Diminishes self-destructive tendencies. Raises self-esteem. Powerful alignment with inner self. Lightheartedness, cheerfulness, hope. Warming, energizing. Attracts abundance and is said to promote a successful business. Navel and Crown chakras.

 Emerald- A variety of beryl. Strengthens heart, liver, kidneys, immune system, and nervous system. Enhances dreams, meditation, and deeper spiritual insight. Prosperity, love, kindness, tranquility, balance, healing, patience. Strong emotional balancer. 3rd and 4th chakras. Related to the planet Mercury and recommended especially for doctors, diplomats, astrologers, teachers, business people, writers, intellectuals, and artists. Said to increase pleasure, influence good health and make the wearer full of love, sympathy and magnanimity.

 Garnet- Strengthens, purifies, vitalizes and regenerates bodily systems, especially the bloodstream. Root chakra helps harmonize the potent forces of kundalini. Stimulates pituitary gland. Love, compassion, enhances imagination. Root and Heart chakra.

 Gold- Purifies and energizes physical body. Improves circulation, strengthens nervous system. Balances and develops heart chakra. Balances hemispheres of brain. Attracts positive energy into aura. Amplifies thought forms. Aids personal illumination. Solar energy, male aspect. 2nd, 4th, and Crown chakras.  Pure gold is quite soft and is not ideal for the making of most jewelry.  Delicate patterns are best done in 22K or 18K gold as the gold can be shaped more easily.  The color of 18k or 14k gold is influenced by non-gold alloys mixed with the pure gold to give the metal better properties for jewelry.  For instance, adding copper creates of more pink tone to the gold.  18K Gold is ¾ ‘s pure Gold while 14K Gold is 7/12 ‘s pure Gold.  At Mikelle Design, we use 18K for most of our gold jewelry, except for rose gold items, where the additional copper in 14K rose gold gives a more pink coloring.

Gold Vermeil- Vermeil pronounced "VER-MAY", is a plating (sometimes called polish) over sterling silver. The term “Vermeil” is the highest quality of plating as the gold adheres best to sterling versus copper, bronze or tin. Some loosely call anything plated “vermeil”, when in fact vermeil, is reserved for quality gold finish over sterling silver. As with any plating it eventually begins to wear off or lose its luster.  Vermeil jewelry can usually be replated.

 Jade- Strengthens heart, kidneys, immune system. Helps cleanse blood. Increases longevity and fertility. Aids eye disorders and female problems. Powerful emotional balancer. Radiates divine, unconditional love. Clarity, modesty, courage, justice, and wisdom. Peaceful and nurturing. Dispels negativity. Heals chakras according to the color of the stone.

 Jasper- A variety of chalcedony. Strengthens liver, gallbladder, and bladder. Powerful healer, main impact on physical body. Represents earth element. Works on chakras according to the color of the stone.

 Labradorite- Type of feldspar. Protects one’s aura. Attracts strength and perseverance, thus assisting one during change. Helps one to realize and achieve their destiny. Reduces anxiety and stress. Aids in digestion, regulation, metabolism, and to clarify the eyes. Said to protect one from negativity, either your own, or that of other's so this is a good stone to wear if you work with other people, especially for nurses, healers, psychologists.

 Mother of Pearl- Is the substance secreted when a foreign object enters the mollusk, creating pearls and coating the top inside of the shell. It represents the ability of taking adversity and making the most out of it. It has protective nurturing and creative qualities.

 Onyx- A variety of chalcedony. Relieves stress. Balance male/female polarities. Strengthens bone marrow. Aids detachment. Enhances emotional balance and self-control. Higher inspiration. Works with chakras according to the color of the stone.

 Opal- Stimulates pineal and pituitary glands. Aids eyesight. Emotional balancer. Enhances intuition. Resonates with all chakras. Helps conscious connection with highest aspects of being.

 Opaline Glass- Is a decorative style glass made in France from 1800 to the 1890s. The glass is opaque or slightly translucent. The primary influence on this style of glass was Venetian milk glass. The popularity of Opaline glass began during the reign of Napolean. All Opaline glass is hand-blown and can appear in white or brightly colored shades of green, blue, pink, black, lavender and yellow.

 Pearl- Known as a “stone of sincerity”, the pearl symbolizes purity, faith, charity, and innocence and helps one to focus their attention. Can stimulate purity in ones body and mind, thus enhancing wisdom and receiving spiritual guidance. Helps digestive disorders, increases fertility, and gives ease to childbirth.

 Peridot- Overall balancing and cleansing for body and mind. Balances glandular system, aids in tissue repair. Purifier. Helps in regulating cycles; intellectual, life, physical and emotional. Helps to heal a bruised ego with friendly and warm energy. Heart and Solar Plexus chakras.

 Ruby- Aids in regeneration of physical/spiritual heart. Enhances circulation. Vitalizes blood and entire body/mind system. Strengthens immunity. Activates sluggish or dormant conditions. Refines lower passions. Courage, integrity, selfless service, joy, spiritual devotion, power, leadership. Helps banish sense of limitation. Root and Heart chakras. Also known as the "stone of nobility".

 Sapphire- Strengthens heart and kidneys. Activates pituitary gland. Aligns body/mind/spirituality. Stimulates psychic abilities, clarity, and inspiration. Creative expression, loyalty, and love. Aids connection with Higher Self, and spirit guides. Strengthens will. Expands cosmic awareness. Dispels confusion. Excellent for meditation. Throat chakra and 3rd eye.

 Silver- Enhances mental functions. Aids circulation. Strengthens blood. Strengthens pineal and pituitary glands. Relieves stress. Relates to the moon, feminine energy. Emotional balance. Speech improvement. Conducts energy.

 Smoky Quartz- Strong grounding and centering qualities for body and mind. Roots, navel and solar plexus charkas. Strengthens kidneys and adrenal glands. Increases fertility and balances sexual energy. Dissipates subconscious blocks and negativity. Excellent for meditation and dream awareness. Mildly sedative and relaxing.

 Tourmaline- Aids balance of endocrine system. Aids sleep. Strengthens, vitalizes body/mind. Aligns subtle bodies. Dispels fear and negative conditions. Strong protective influence. Concentration, inspiration. Enhances sensitivity and understanding. Powerful healer. Affects chakras according to the color of the stone.

 Turquoise- Tones, strengthens entire body.   Tissue regeneration, aids circulation lungs, respiratory system. Vitalizes blood. Aligns chakras. Enhances meditation. Creative expression, peace of mind, emotional balance, communication, friendship, and loyalty. Throat chakra.

 White Gold– Is gold mixed with alloys. Mixing zinc and two other metals to make the color “seem” white. The higher the percentage of Gold in white gold the less white it can be.   i.e. 14K has more room to mix the white metals in whereas 18K has less.

 Zircon- Often called Jacinth is considered important for those undergoing long travels as it is supposed to protect the wearer from lightning, bodily harm and illness. Hindu Astrology considers white Zircon a secondary gem of Libra and Taurus.

 Zirconium- Is a completely synthetic material. You can get very high end Zirconium and there are many beautiful colored stones  made from Zirconium.  However, it is true that nothing lasts longer than a diamond.